Boarded up. Black Power closes a store



These "islands" could be about the countries, colonies, and territories of the Caribbean. However, I am also acknowledging the "islands" of space, place, and belonging in Canada and the United States. This digital project is an ongoing historical archive of Black Toronto using primary documents and cultural artifacts to create a multidimensional interactive mapping exhibition.

Blacks have been living in Canada for more than 250 years; says author Headley Tullock; yet few of them are made aware of the rich part they have played in this country's history and heritage.


Black Canadian

Using CARTO, I created an ongoing collection of sites with cultural/social significance to the Black Caribbean/Canadian community in Metropolitan Toronto, Ontario, Canada. This map covers most of the twentieth century, discovering Black Canadian points of rupture through spatial, social, and lived spaces while answering historical questions about where and when Blackness enters and resists Canadian geographies at-large.

Day of learning: Jennifer Beckford; 9; left; Shanique Francis; 6; and Stacey Gordon; 10; check out T-shirts commemorating Black History month.


Visual Timeline

an interactive timeline of Black Toronto during the nineteenth and twentieth centuries using text, photographs, video, and sound.


Database Powered Through OMEKA

Examine the items collected and archived in this OMEKA database. With over three hundred spaces and places recorded (and counting), Islands in the North becomes an emancipatory contribution to Canadian and Black Atlantic scholarship and conversation.

Curriculum Vitae

Respect the Process

My professional experience, education, and other achievements.


Creative Commons Licence
Islands in the North by Marlene H. Gaynair is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.
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